Battery consumption

How important is battery consumption due to media playback?

Avoiding unnecessary battery consumption is an important aspect of developing a performant Android app. Media playback can be a major cause of battery drain, however its importance for a particular app heavily depends on its usage patterns. If an app is only used to play small amounts of media each day, then the corresponding battery consumption will only be a small percentage of the total consumption of the device. In such cases, it makes sense to prioritize feature set and reliability over optimizing for battery when selecting which player to use. On the other hand, if an app is often used to play large amounts of media each day, then optimizing for battery consumption should be weighted more heavily when choosing between a number of viable options.

How power efficient is ExoPlayer?

The diverse nature of the Android device and media content ecosystems means that it's difficult to make widely applicable statements about ExoPlayer's battery consumption, and in particular how it compares with Android's MediaPlayer API. Both absolute and relative performance vary by hardware, Android version, and the media being played. Hence the following information should be treated as guidance only.

Video playback

For video playback, our measurements show that ExoPlayer and MediaPlayer draw similar amounts of power. The power required for the display and decoding the video stream are the same in both cases, and these account for most of the power consumed during playback.

Regardless of which media player is used, choosing between SurfaceView and TextureView for output can have a significant impact on power consumption. SurfaceView is more power efficient, with TextureView increasing total power draw during video playback by as much as 30% on some devices. SurfaceView should therefore be preferred where possible. Read more about choosing between SurfaceView and TextureView here.

Below are some power consumption measurements for playing 1080p and 480p video on Pixel 2, measured using a Monsoon power monitor. As mentioned above, these numbers should not be used to draw general conclusions about power consumption across the Android device and media content ecosystems.

MediaPlayer ExoPlayer
SurfaceView 1080p 202 mAh 214 mAh
TextureView 1080p 219 mAh 221 mAh
SurfaceView 480p 194 mAh 207 mAh
TextureView 480p 212 mAh 215 mAh

Audio playback

For short audio playbacks or playbacks when the screen is on, using ExoPlayer does not have a significant impact on power compared to using MediaPlayer.

For long playbacks with the screen off, ExoPlayer's audio offload mode needs to be used or ExoPlayer may consume significantly more power than MediaPlayer. Audio offload allows audio processing to be offloaded from the CPU to a dedicated signal processor. This approach is used by default by MediaPlayer but not ExoPlayer. ExoPlayer introduced support for audio offload in 2.12 as an experimental feature. See DefaultRenderersFactory.setEnableAudioOffload and ExoPlayer.experimentalSetOffloadSchedulingEnabled for more details on how to enable it.

Due to SDK API limitations, ExoPlayer's audio offload mode is only available on devices running Android 10 (API level 29) or higher. MediaPlayer can use audio offload on devices running earlier versions of Android. Whether the increased robustness, flexibility, and feature set that ExoPlayer provides over MediaPlayer is worth the increased power consumption for audio only use cases on older devices is something an app developer must decide, taking their requirements and app usage patterns into account.