While the Microbenchmark library ships a Gradle plugin to integrate directly with the Android Gradle Plugin, you can also use it in other build systems, such as Bazel or Buck.
This topic describes configuring a non-Gradle build system when using the Microbenchmark library.
AndroidBenchmarkRunner or a subclass as your instrumentation runner
by specifying it in the instrumentation block of the test manifest:
<manifest package="com.example.library.test" ...> <instrumentation android:name="androidx.benchmark.junit4.AndroidBenchmarkRunner" /> ... </manifest>
To get accurate measurements, benchmarks must not be debuggable. If the
debuggable flag is not set correctly, the library throws an error, rather than
reporting invalid results. Note that this setting may need to be toggled during
local runs for use with Android Studio profilers, which require
Microbenchmarks can be built to run in two ways: within a self-instrumenting APK, or with one test APK instrumenting another APK.
With a simple self-instrumenting APK (as output by Gradle for a
androidTest directory), the single APK's Android
manifest must have debuggable disabled:
<manifest package="com.example.library.test" ...> <instrumentation android:name="androidx.benchmark.junit4.AndroidBenchmarkRunner" android:targetPackage="com.example.library.test"/> <application android:debuggable="false"/> </manifest>
App APK instrumented by test APK
If your build outputs two APKs, an app APK and test APK (as output by Gradle for
androidTest directory), the app APK must be set to
debuggable=false. The test APK's debuggable flag is ignored by the Android OS.
<!-- test manifest --> <manifest package="com.example.android.app.test" ...> <instrumentation android:name="androidx.benchmark.junit4.AndroidBenchmarkRunner" android:targetPackage="com.example.android.app"/> <!-- debuggable here ignored by OS! --> </manifest> <!-- app being tested --> <manifest package="com.example.android.app" ...> <application android:debuggable="false"/> </manifest>
Note that microbenchmarking an app module APK isn't supported by Android Studio or Gradle. This is due to the complexity of supporting an additional testing directory that depends on a non-debuggable, optimized or minified variant of the APK, but without minification breaking calls from benchmarks into app code.
Minification and optimization
We recommend using minification and optimization for your benchmarks to get closer-to-release performance. For example code, see the Benchmark sample project.
Benchmarks should run with coverage disabled without any library or DEX mangling done by tools such as JaCoCo.
For this reason, we recommend benchmarks be a completely isolated source set from other instrumentation tests and built separately with release dependencies. We also find this avoids having to build tests more than once: both with and without coverage.
Note also that debug variants of libraries that your benchmark depends on, especially those built locally, may be built with coverage enabled.
You can run your tests from the command line and specify the classes to run with.
adb shell am instrument -w com.example.benchmark/androidx.benchmark.junit4.AndroidBenchmarkRunner
To configure the Microbenchmark library at runtime without Gradle, see Instrumentation Arguments.