Common patterns

You can test your Compose app with well-established approaches and patterns.

Test in isolation

ComposeTestRule lets you start an activity displaying any composable: your full application, a single screen, or a small element. It's also a good practice to check that your composables are correctly encapsulated and they work independently, allowing for easier and more focused UI testing.

This doesn't mean you should only create unit UI tests. UI tests scoping larger parts of your UI are also very important.

Access the activity and resources after setting your own content

Oftentimes you need to set the content under test using composeTestRule.setContent and you also need to access activity resources, for example to assert that a displayed text matches a string resource. However, you can't call setContent on a rule created with createAndroidComposeRule() if the activity already calls it.

A common pattern to achieve this is to create an AndroidComposeTestRule using an empty activity such as ComponentActivity.

class MyComposeTest {

    val composeTestRule = createAndroidComposeRule<ComponentActivity>()

    fun myTest() {
        // Start the app
        composeTestRule.setContent {
            MyAppTheme {
                MainScreen(uiState = exampleUiState, /*...*/)
        val continueLabel = composeTestRule.activity.getString(

Note that ComponentActivity needs to be added to your app's AndroidManifest.xml file. Enable that by adding this dependency to your module:


Custom semantics properties

You can create custom semantics properties to expose information to tests. To do this, define a new SemanticsPropertyKey and make it available using the SemanticsPropertyReceiver.

// Creates a semantics property of type Long.
val PickedDateKey = SemanticsPropertyKey<Long>("PickedDate")
var SemanticsPropertyReceiver.pickedDate by PickedDateKey

Now use that property in the semantics modifier:

val datePickerValue by remember { mutableStateOf(0L) }
    modifier = Modifier.semantics { pickedDate = datePickerValue }

From tests, use SemanticsMatcher.expectValue to assert the value of the property:

    .onNode(SemanticsMatcher.expectValue(PickedDateKey, 1445378400)) // 2015-10-21

Verify state restoration

Verify that the state of your Compose elements is correctly restored when the activity or process is recreated. Perform such checks without relying on activity recreation with the StateRestorationTester class.

This class lets you simulate the recreation of a composable. It's especially useful to verify the implementation of rememberSaveable.

class MyStateRestorationTests {

    val composeTestRule = createComposeRule()

    fun onRecreation_stateIsRestored() {
        val restorationTester = StateRestorationTester(composeTestRule)

        restorationTester.setContent { MainScreen() }

        // TODO: Run actions that modify the state

        // Trigger a recreation

        // TODO: Verify that state has been correctly restored.

Test different device configurations

Android apps need to adapt to many changing conditions: window sizes, locales, font sizes, dark and light themes, and more. Most of these conditions are derived from device-level values controlled by the user and exposed with the current Configuration instance. Testing different configurations directly in a test is difficult since the test must configure device-level properties.

DeviceConfigurationOverride is a test-only API that lets you simulate different device configurations in a localized way for the @Composable content under test.

The companion object of DeviceConfigurationOverride has the following extension functions, which override device-level configuration properties:

To apply a specific override, wrap the content under test in a call to the DeviceConfigurationOverride() top-level function, passing the override to apply as a parameter.

For example, the following code applies the DeviceConfigurationOverride.ForcedSize() override to change the density locally, forcing the MyScreen composable to be rendered in a large landscape window, even if the device the test is running on doesn't support that window size directly:

composeTestRule.setContent {
        DeviceConfigurationOverride.ForcedSize(DpSize(1280.dp, 800.dp))
    ) {
        MyScreen() // will be rendered in the space for 1280dp by 800dp without clipping

To apply multiple overrides together, use DeviceConfigurationOverride.then():

composeTestRule.setContent {
        DeviceConfigurationOverride.FontScale(1.5f) then
    ) {
        Text(text = "text with increased scale and weight")

Additional Resources

  • Test apps on Android: The main Android testing landing page provides a broader view of testing fundamentals and techniques.
  • Fundamentals of testing: Learn more about the core concepts behind testing an Android app.
  • Local tests: You can run some tests locally, on your own workstation.
  • Instrumented tests: It is good practice to also run instrumented tests. That is, tests that run directly on-device.
  • Continuous integration: Continuous integration lets you integrate your tests into your deployment pipeline.
  • Test different screen sizes: With some many devices available to users, you should test for different screen sizes.
  • Espresso: While intended for View-based UIs, Espresso knowledge can still be helpful for some aspects of Compose testing.